Y-DNA Results
For
Several Founding Families
of
Chimayó-El Cerró, Nuevo México

by

Angel R. Cervantes & Miguél A. Torrez

Purpose:  To verify genealogies by genetic data analysis and comparisons.  To help further those genealogies who trace to a dead end and to get a glimpse into the ancestral roots of the people who settled the Chimayó Valley.

Background:  In 2006, the CCPA funded the small research project that investigated the genetic background of several families that were prominent at the Plaza del Cerró.  Genealogies for the families were researched and Y-DNA samples of living descendants were tested.  The results for these families are listed below and are also part of the New Mexico DNA Project which contains a much larger database of results for persons who trace their families to the early colonial settlers. 

Results:

Miguél DeAguero was born circa 1786 and married Maria Ygnacia Gurule.  His son  José Mariano DeAguero was born on Febrero 28, 1806.  He was baptized on Marzo 4, 1806 in Santa Cruz de la Cañada and  was married to Maria Dolores Sánchez on Marzo 20, 1824 in Santa Cruz de la Cañada.  It is clear with the Y-DNA results that Miguél DeAguero does not have a Y-DNA match with another DeAguero Y-DNA sample that has as its most distant ancestor Pedro Nolasco DeAguero the progenitor of the Deaguero family in Nuevo México.  Nevertheless, here is a narrative on Miguél DeAguero's DNA Haplogroup:

Miguél DeAguero - R1b1: Western European origin. This lineage is also the haplogroup containing the Atlantic modal haplotype. Basque and Celtic people belong to this Haplogroup and they were among the earliest settlers of Spain. 68% of modern day Spaniards share this origin. The following markers are common to the people bordering Europe's Atlantic within a couple of steps; DYS19 (DYS394)=14, DYS388=12, DYS390=24, DYS391=11, DYS392=13 and DYS393=13. 

Francisco de la Cruz was born circa 1723 and married Teresa de Jesus Romero on Octubre 7, 1743 at San Juan de los Caballeros.  The marriage record lists him as the son of Sebastián de la Cruz but no mother was listed on the record.  It is clear with the Y-DNA results that Sebastián de la Cruz was of Native-American origin.  Here is a narrative on his DNA Haplogroup:

Sebastián de la Cruz - Q: Native-American origin.  The Q lineage is the lineage that links Asia and the Americas.  This lineage is found in North and Central Asian populations as well as native Americans.  This lineage is believed to have originated in Central Asia and migrated through the Altai/Baikal region of northern Eurasia into the Americas.

José de Jaramillo y Negrete was born c. 1655 in La Ciudad de México, La Nueva España. He married María de Sotomayor on Octubre 16, 1672 in the Cathederal of La Ciudad de México, in  La Ciudad de México, La Nueva España.  He was the son of Nicolás de Jaramillo y Negrete and Antonia de la Cruz.  The DNA results were taken from two descedants of Nicolás de Jaramillo y Negrete, each coming from a different line.  When the results came in, both descedants had matched one another.  This made clear the DNA line of Nicolás de Jaramillo y Negrete.  Here is a narrative on his DNA Haplogroup:

Nicolás de Jaramillo y Negrete - R1b1: Western European origin. This lineage is also the haplogroup containing the Atlantic modal haplotype. Basque and Celtic people belong to this Haplogroup and they were among the earliest settlers of Spain. 68% of modern day Spaniards share this origin. The following markers are common to the people bordering Europe's Atlantic within a couple of steps; DYS19 (DYS394)=14, DYS388=12, DYS390=24, DYS391=11, DYS392=13 and DYS393=13.

Diego Martín was born c. 1745 and married Maria Encarnacion Valerio circa 1768 at Santa Cruz de la Cañada.  It was often believed that Diego Martín was a descedant of Hernán Martín Serrano.  The DNA results were taken from two descedants of Diego Martín each coming from a different son.  One came from José Patricio Martín and the other came from Francisco Martín.  This was an excellent DNA comparison, both descedants matched eachother.  It is clear with the Y-DNA results that Diego Martín was not a descedant of Hernán Martín SerranoDiego Martín must be a descedant of another Martín or Martínez family that came to Nuevo México, could it be the Martin-Sangíl family?  Here is a narrative on his DNA Haplogroup:

Diego Martín - R1a: Eastern European origin. The R1a lineage is believed to have originated in the Eurasian Steppes north of the Black & Caspian Seas. This lineage is thought to descend from a population of the Kurgan culture, known for the domestication of the horse (circa 3000 B.C.E.). These people were also believed to be the first speakers of the Indo-European language group. This lineage is found in central & western Asia, India, and in Slavic populations of Europe. Slavonic mercenaries were used by the Moors in the second half of the 9th Century; it is likely this is the origin of haplogroup R1a in Iberia. 2% of modern day Spaniards share this origin.

Manuel Pablo Ortega was born on Enero 12, 1767 in Chimayó.  He was married to Ana Maria Gonzales on Enero 20, 1788 in Santa Fe, Nuevo México.  His parents are Juan Francisco Ortega born circa 1735 and Maria Antonia López.  It is clear with the Y-DNA results that Juan Francisco Ortega was not a descedant of any of the Ortega families that came to Nuevo México. His Y-DNA results clearly matched the Hernán Martín Serrano family.  Here is a narrative on his DNA Haplogroup:

Hernán Martín Serrano - R1b1: Western European origin. This lineage is also the haplogroup containing the Atlantic modal haplotype. Basque and Celtic people belong to this Haplogroup and they were among the earliest settlers of Spain. 68% of modern day Spaniards share this origin. The following markers are common to the people bordering Europe's Atlantic within a couple of steps; DYS19 (DYS394)=14, DYS388=12, DYS390=24, DYS391=11, DYS392=13 and DYS393=13. 

Jose del Carmen Trujillo was born on Mayo 26, 1790 in Chimayó-El Cerró, Nuevo México and married Maria Francisca Ortega born on Marzo 11,1797.  He is the son of Miguel Antonio Trujillo born circa 1738 and Anna Maria Vigil who was born on Deciembre 29, 1749.  He does not have a paper trail to Diego de Trujillo, the progenitor of the Trujillo family that came to Nuevo México from La Ciudad de México, La Nueva España.  Still, it is clear with the Y-DNA results that  Miguel Antonio Trujillo is a descedant of Diego de Trujillo, despite the lack of a complete paper trail.  The Y-DNA results were a perfect match to the Diego de Trujillo familyline.  Here is a narrative on his DNA Haplogroup:

Diego de Trujillo - J2: Semitic origin. Mostly found in the Middle East, Mediterranean, and North Africa. This haplogroup contains the Cohen modal lineage which is found in about 5% of those with this origin. Sephardic Jews and Arab Moors belong to this Haplogroup and they were among the earliest settlers of Spain. About 28% of Sephardic Jews have this origin. 3% of modern day Spaniards have J, J1, or J2 origin.

http://www.familytreedna.com/public/NewMexicoDNA/index.aspx

For more information contact Miguél A. Torrez ballnchain@windstream.net